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Three-dimensional structure determination from a single view

Overview of attention for article published in Nature, December 2009
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (93rd percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

2 blogs
2 patents
1 Facebook page


105 Dimensions

Readers on

438 Mendeley
12 CiteULike
3 Connotea
Three-dimensional structure determination from a single view
Published in
Nature, December 2009
DOI 10.1038/nature08705
Pubmed ID

Kevin S. Raines, Sara Salha, Richard L. Sandberg, Huaidong Jiang, Jose A. Rodríguez, Benjamin P. Fahimian, Henry C. Kapteyn, Jincheng Du, Jianwei Miao


The ability to determine the structure of matter in three dimensions has profoundly advanced our understanding of nature. Traditionally, the most widely used schemes for three-dimensional (3D) structure determination of an object are implemented by acquiring multiple measurements over various sample orientations, as in the case of crystallography and tomography, or by scanning a series of thin sections through the sample, as in confocal microscopy. Here we present a 3D imaging modality, termed ankylography (derived from the Greek words ankylos meaning 'curved' and graphein meaning 'writing'), which under certain circumstances enables complete 3D structure determination from a single exposure using a monochromatic incident beam. We demonstrate that when the diffraction pattern of a finite object is sampled at a sufficiently fine scale on the Ewald sphere, the 3D structure of the object is in principle determined by the 2D spherical pattern. We confirm the theoretical analysis by performing 3D numerical reconstructions of a sodium silicate glass structure at 2 A resolution, and a single poliovirus at 2-3 nm resolution, from 2D spherical diffraction patterns alone. Using diffraction data from a soft X-ray laser, we also provide a preliminary demonstration that ankylography is experimentally feasible by obtaining a 3D image of a test object from a single 2D diffraction pattern. With further development, this approach of obtaining complete 3D structure information from a single view could find broad applications in the physical and life sciences.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 438 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 20 5%
Germany 4 <1%
Japan 4 <1%
United Kingdom 4 <1%
France 3 <1%
Canada 3 <1%
Austria 3 <1%
Italy 2 <1%
Taiwan 2 <1%
Other 14 3%
Unknown 379 87%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 144 33%
Student > Ph. D. Student 123 28%
Professor > Associate Professor 32 7%
Professor 31 7%
Student > Master 24 5%
Other 60 14%
Unknown 24 5%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Physics and Astronomy 180 41%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 77 18%
Engineering 35 8%
Chemistry 28 6%
Materials Science 22 5%
Other 61 14%
Unknown 35 8%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 18. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 August 2019.
All research outputs
of 15,728,225 outputs
Outputs from Nature
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Outputs of similar age
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Outputs of similar age from Nature
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Altmetric has tracked 15,728,225 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 92nd percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 75,525 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 85.1. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 59% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 154,292 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 93% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1,013 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.